Children will learn skills, acquire new knowledge and demonstrate their understanding through 7 areas of learning and development.
Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first. These are:
- Communication and language (Listening, Attention and Understanding, Speaking)
- Physical development (Gross motor Skills, Fine Motor Skills)
- Personal, social and emotional development (Self Regulation, Managing Self, Building Relationships)
As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas. These are:
- Literacy (Comprehension, Word Reading, Writing)
- Mathematics (Number, Numerical Patterns)
- Understanding the world (Past and Present, People, Culture and Communities, The Natural World)
- Expressive arts and design (Creating with Materials, Being Imaginative and Expressive)
In our EYFS Class, our learning primarily follows the interests of the children – stories and the interests of the children act as our main topic leads. We develop skeleton topic plans throughout the year. We use this topic plan as and when it is appropriate to the current cohort (for example, at the start of the year/term). This topic plan is devised with several key elements in mind: seasonality, events that are significant to the children personally, culturally and globally as well as making the most of the local area and opportunities arising within it.
In the EYFS, we use whole class direct teaching of Maths as well as Continuous Provision linked activities each day. Number is the key priority, with an emphasis on Place Value and Counting.
EYFS Maths follows the same mastery approaches the rest of the school have: Practical, Pictorial, Abstract (this supports varied fluency) as well as promoting problem-solving and reasoning.
Research has been carried out into the 6 main areas that collectively underpin children’s early mathematical learning, and which provide the firm foundations for the Maths that children will encounter as they go up the years in primary school:
- Cardinality and Counting
- Shape and Space
The emphasis on how children learn has huge potential to transform early years practice and empower children as confident, creative lifelong learners. Research demonstrates these characteristics can be supported or hampered by the experiences children encounter. In the best EYFS provision, children are encouraged to follow their interests, make independent choices about their learning and are supported to develop their thinking skills through skilful adult interactions.
The characteristics are interconnected but each has distinct features. The characteristics are:
We understand the importance for the learning within the EYFS to take into consideration the interests and needs of the children. However, we also strongly believe that it is important to ‘lay the foundations’ of future learning within the wider Curriculum at Cardinham so we have carefully considered learning points throughout the year. These cohesive, sequenced ‘laying the foundations’ plans (see below) go hand in hand with the interests of pupils to create a topic plan – an example can be seen below.